ACTION PLAN TO MEET FLOODS/NATURAL CALAMITIES DURING MONSOON
I ) The South Goa District has large number of villages along the western cost which include Mormugao, Velsao, Cansaulim, Majorda, Utorda, Colva, Benaulim, Varca, Cavelossim, Betul, Cabo-de-Rama, Cola, Agonda, Palolem, Talpana, Galgibag, xendrem, and Polem. The other villages of South Goa are not very far of and most of the area are of hilly region. Many houses are exsiting in hilly area and in the event of cyclone and heavy downpour these houses are also found to be equally effected like along the houses situated by the side of western coast.
As it obeserved during last 2/3 years generally rain with cyclonic winds starts in the last week of May and Cyclonic wheather condition remains heavily for consecutive period of 2 to 3 days specially during June and July every year. The wheather condition improves somewhere in September of the year. The entire activities of the District in the event of any Natural Calamities in the form of cyclone or cyclonic disturbance, heavy rainfall, landslides are mainly classified into following three catogaries.
a) Peparedness before the actual cyclon.
b) Rescue and evuacuation at the time of cyclon and heavy rainfall and floods.
c) The rehabilitation of the effected person and restoration of essential services and normal life after the cyclon including providing Medical facilities and health.
During previous monsoon 2000, number of places and lowlying areas in all talukas were flooded and at few places land slides had occured. The affected public had to be evacuated to safer places and provided shelter, Food and Medical Assistance.
In order to meet similar situations the District Administration of South Goa District had prepared a action plan to deal with the disasters and for rescue operations has been prepared during monsoon 2004.
II) OBJECTIVE OF THE PLAN
1) The entire South Goa Talukawise areas prone to flood and landslides have been indentified.
2) Effective steps for prevention of flooding due to monsson were guided to taluka level Officers by forming committee in each taluka.
3) Buildings/houses are earmarked to shift the affected persons in all talukas and District places.
4) The mode of evacuation i.e. identification of Govt. and Private Vehicle which can be made available in the area for transportation of people were suggested in each taluka.
5) Similarily measures are to be taken to provide food and clothing to affected persons.
6) provided prompt Medical facilities.
7) Steps are to be taken to protect and safeguand buildings/properties of evacuated persons.
III) LO-LI EXERCISE IN DISASTER MANAGEMENT
The Chairman high power Committee (Disaster Management Plan) Govt. of India has suggested some exercise in Disaster Management in the last week of April - first week of May every year at Taluka, District, and State level. This would be an excellent effect at judging the Status preparedness to cope up with future disasters once every year.
LO-EXERCISE (Last Week Of April)
a) Update the existing South Goa District Disaster Management Plan.
b) Telephone numbers.
c) Personnel data.
d) Vulnerability to fresh Disaster critical data relating to a few previous Disasters to be taken note of, for planning, rescue and evacuation.
Roll of NGO in pre-disaster period a to k:-
a) Identifying the poorest & providing for them, and to scotch rumours likely to impede relief and rescue activities.
b) Identifying the storage points for: (i) Medicines (ii) Food grains (iii) Clothes.
c) Identifying safe places for shelter- temporary (tents) or permanent buildings, for humans as well as for cattle.
d) Planning langers (supplying cooked meals) who will do it and where?
e) Training in relief distribution-who, where & What.
f) Organizing village/Ward defence societies against criminal elements.
h) If Inter-district movement of relief materials is planned-then adequate advance preparation, under the auspices of District Magistrates of the concerned districts would be necessary to ensure prompt and safe delivery of the relief materials.
i) The district level federation of N.G.O.s may identify and industrial house at the district headquarters, with a large number of telephones to function as a temporary control room to facilitate the functioning of their volunteers to assist the district administration in relief and rescue activities.
j) Preparing people to evacuate from disaster prone areas and helping them to move to safer places is most important, and N,G,Os may address this activity.
k) Disasters cause tremendous emotional and psychological stress on the vulnerable population, and rehabilitating people emotionally is of great urgency; this needs to be addressed by the voluntary community organizations evolved by the N.G.Os of the nationwide network.
L-I EXERCISE (First week of "May)
1) Since the exercise is planned over a week, different days could be fixed for different constituents of the District Management system to test their response, time and readiness
2) Seperate meetings could be arranged for different set of functionaries relating to rescue and relief, to inform them in the briefing sessions of what was lacking in their response as noted by respective supervisor.
4) Planned paddayatras be organized from Block headquarters to vulrenable areas and action relating to of L O exercise be given final shape.
5) Report of LO exercise help at taluka level be submitted to this office by 30th April. So as to send it to the State Govt. by 1st of May and in respect of LI exercise held at Taluak level be sent to this office by 1st week of May, so as to send it to the State Govt by 2nd week of May.
1) The Chief Officer of the Municipalities of respective Municipal Council and the Block Development Officer with the help of Panchayats shall draw up action plans and get all the gutters, drains and nallas cleared. This work shall be necessary where flood prone areas was identified last year and it shall be executed prior to the onset of monsoon.
2) The Executive Engineer, WD.II (Canal) shall take steps to clear and desilt all canals prior to on sets of monsoon so that no water conjunction/blockage in the canal takes place.
3) The Health Authorities shall be asked to equip all Primary Health Centre of South Goa District including Hospicio Hospital with sufficient staff and medicines which they could immediately put into operation.
4) Station Fire Officer of Margao and other places should attend immediately the work of cutting of tress fallen on road. The Executive Engineer W.D. VI, VIII and XIV should provide sufficient number of labourers on request from Fire Officer, Police or Revenue Administration to assist in cleaning the blockages on roads, removal of fallen tress, landslides etc.
5) Electricity Department shuold ensure that their technical persons are available in respective areas so that they can attend emergency situations such as live wire hanging short-circuits, prompt supply of electricity to houses/building where affected persons may have to be shifted
6) Mamlatdars will ensure adequate supply of food grains with the help of Civil Supply wing, Local Authorities.
7) Where the balwadi Children are affected due to calamities like flood Cyclon, damage of balwadi buldings, the Child Development Project Officer of the Concerned Talukas shall undertake to supply nutritions food to balwadi children, pregnant and nursing mother as the case may be.
8) PWD and Telecom Officials are directed to fill up all trenches dug by them by 2nd week of May and in any case no fresh digging shall be done thereafter.
V) CONTROL ROOM
Control rooms will be set up at following places from 1st June to 31st August of the year
(i) Office of the Collector and District Magistrtate, South Goa, 2nd floor Collectorate South Goa, Margao.
(ii) Sub-Divisional level at Vasco-Da-Gama and Quepem.
(iii) Taluka level at
In salcete, Quepem and Mormugao Taluka the concerned S.D.Os will act as Nodal Officers. In Quepem & Sanguem Taluka, the concerned Mamlatdars will act as Nodal Officers.
All the heads of Departments/Offices shall act as Liaison Officer and in their absence next subordinate will substitute for them.
The Telephone Nos. of all Officers and Offices/Department connected with the work are given in the Annexure `A'.
Any incidents of floods, landslides should be immediately conveyed to control room and in case of such incidents in Taluka other than Salcete the same should be conveyed to control room in the Taluka as well as to control room at District level.
The control rooms on receipt of such messages should immediately contact concerned Nodal Officers and other Officers should immediately convey the message to control room at District level.
VI) AREAS LIKELY TO BE AFFECTED AND LOGISTICS
The areas prone to floods or likely to be affected by floods have been identified so also place of shelter for evacuated persons have been earmarked. The details i.e. location of area likely to be affected, houses & populations likely to affect, shelter incase of evacuation, nearest Health Centre and hospital is given in Annexure `B'.
The taluka maps depicting location of areas likely to be affected by floods, shelter for accomodations and location of nearby Primary Health Centre/Hospital are with concerned Mamlatdars.
In the event of actual happening of natural calamity in any place listed in the Annexure `B' above or any other place in South Goa District or even after waring signal received, the Nodal Officer concerned along with Taluka Committee should immediately swing into action. Immediate task should be to shift affected persons to safer places depending on the intensity and gravity of the situation.
VII) RESCUE AND EVACUATION:
For evacuation of affected persons and shifting to safer i.e. earmarked shelters or to Primary Health Centres/Hospitals, the S.D,Os/Mamlatdars should requisition the vehicles required from the list given in the Annexure `D' attached.
This work of evacuation should be carried by the Police in co-ordination with concerned Mamlatdars/S.D.O. sufficient Police Personnel should be deployed at the shelter where affected persons are shifted and also in the area from where this persons are evacuated, to protect and safeguard their belonging/properties.
The Department/Offices whose assistance is sought by S.D.O./Mamlatdar/Dy.S.P. should render the same immediately without any delay. The S.D.O./Mamlatdar should immediately contact Health Authorities to attend injured persons and evacuated persons. The arrangement for food and well being of the affected persons should be looked after by S.D.O/Mamlatdar and they should continuously monitor the situation and keep Collector informed through wireless/Phones.
A N N E X U R E `A'
List of Officers who are key persons in connection with preparedness for monsoon.
A N N E X U R E `B'
LIST SHOWING AREAS LIKELY TO BE AFFECTED BY FLOODS DURING MONSOON AND LOCATION OF SHELTER FOR EVACUATED PERSONS.